Trust and Estates Terms and Definitions

Common Trust and Estate Terms

Common Trust and Estate Terms

Matters pertaining to Trusts and Estates can be complicated, especially if you are unfamiliar with the terminology. The following is a glossary of terms that are commonly used in Trusts and Estates and loans made to trusts.

Administration:
Trust administration refers to the trustees management of trust property according to the terms of the trust after the settlor’s passing.

Beneficiary:
A beneficiary is the person who derives advantage or benefits from something. There can be multiple beneficiaries in a trust. Beneficiaries are names in a trust or will to receive something.

California Proposition 13:
Prop 13 is a California Constitutional amendment enacted in 1978. California Proposition 13 limits the tax rate increase that can be charged annually on real estate. The proposition decreased property taxes by assessing property values at their 1975 value and restricted annual increases of assessed value of real property to an inflation factor, not to exceed 2% per year. Prop 13 also prohibited reassessment of a new real estate property tax base year value except for in cases of either change in ownership, or completion of new construction. 

California Proposition 58:
Prop 58 became effective in November of 1986.  With certain limitations, California Proposition 58 allows for the exclusion for reassessment of property taxes on transfers between parents and children. Prop 58 is codified by section 63.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code. In the State of California, real estate or real property is reassessed at market value if it is sold or transferred. Property taxes can sometimes increase dramatically as a result. If the sale or transfer is between a parent and their child, under limited circumstances, the property will not be reassessed if certain conditions are met and the proper application is filed in a appropriate amount of time. Prop 58 allows a child inheriting a home to avoid property tax reassessment when acquiring property from a parent.

California Proposition 193:
Effective March of 1996, California Prop 193 is a constitutional amendment approved by the voters of California which excludes from reassessment transfers of real property from grandparents to grandchildren. Prop 193 requires that all the parents of the grandchildren who qualify as children of the grandparents are deceased as of the date of transfer. Prop 193 is also codified by section 63.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.

Change in Ownership:
Ownership of real property transferred from one person or entity to another.

Conventional Lender:
A conventional lender is a lender that provides loans that meet the lending criteria of the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA “Fannie Mae”) or Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC “Freddie Mac”). When it comes to lending to a property held in a trust, a conventional lender will not provide a loan to a trust.  They require that the property first be removed from the trust and placed in the name of an eligible borrower. Commercial Loan Corporation is one of the only California lenders that will lend directly to a trust.

Co-Tenants:
Co-Tenants or tenants in common share a specified proportion of ownership rights of real property.

Disproportional Distribution:
A disproportional distribution is a trust or estate distribution where one or more heirs or beneficiaries receives a larger portion of the distribution of an estate / trust.

Encumber:
To create a claim, limitation on, or liability against real property.

Equal Distribution:
An equal distribution is a trust or estate distribution where all heirs or beneficiaries receive an equal portion of assets in the trust or estate.

Equity:
The difference between the value of real property and anything owed against the real property.

Estate:
All the assets owned by a particular person (less debt) at death.

Executor:
A person or institution appointed by a testator to carry out the terms of their will.

First Right of Refusal:
A contractual right that gives its holder the option to buy real property.

Guarantor:
One that guarantees the repayment of a loan.

Irrevocable Trust:
Type of trust where its terms cannot be modified, amended or terminated without the permission of the grantor’s named beneficiary(ies).

Letter to Assessors:
Board of Equalization’s summaries of court rulings, legal opinions, highlights of enacted legislation, Property Tax Rules and technical bulletins for assessment problems.

Non-Pro Rata:
Each heir / beneficiary receives an equal portion of the entire estate / trust, but not necessarily of each asset.

Option to Purchase:
Opportunity to purchase a piece of real property.

Per Stirpes:
An estate / trust is distributed “per stirpes” if each heir / beneficiary is to receive an equal share of the estate / trust.

Pro Rata:
Each heir / beneficiary receives an equal portion of each asset in an estate / trust.

Probate:
The official proving of a will.

Promissory Note:
A signed document containing a written promise by one party to repay a stated sum to another party.

Proportional Interest:
The interest of one heir / beneficiary divided by the total number of heirs / beneficiaries.

Revocable Trust:
Type of trust where its terms can be modified, amended or terminated dependent on the grantor.

Security Interest:
Enforceable legal claim or lien on real property.

Settlor:
The settlor is the entity that established the trust.  The settlor goes by several other names in matters related to trusts; you may also see them described as the grantor, or trustor. The settlor’s role is to legally transfer control of an asset to a trustee. The trustee then manages it for one or more beneficiaries.

Share / Share Alike:
Each heir / beneficiary receives an equal portion of the estate / trust.

Statutory Powers:
Legal powers given by a statute.

Testator:
The person who made a will.

Trust:
An arrangement whereby a person or entity (trustee) holds assets as its nominal owner for the good of one or more beneficiaries.

Trust Distribution Worksheet:
The final accounting of the assets & liabilities for the distribution of a trust.

Trust Residue:
All of the property that is left after specific gifts are distributed from a trust.

Trustee:
An individual or entity given control or powers of administration of assets in a trust.

Trustor:
The person(s) that created a trust (aka “settlor” or “grantor”).

If you have any questions, please call us at 877-464-1066 and we will do our best to assist you.

Parent to Child Property Tax Transfer

California parent to child property tax transfer

Information on the California parent to child property tax transfer

Parent to Child Property Tax Transfer on California Real Estate

Did you know that in some situations California property owners can transfer a property tax base to another person?  It is possible, but there are some limitations. California Proposition 58 allows parents and children to pass property to one another and avoid property tax reassessment in some cases.

Why is a parent to child property tax transfer important for Californians?

Simply put, it allows you to keep your parents low Prop 13 tax base on an inherited home. This can make the cost of keeping the home more reasonable. Here is an example of how it works. Say a parent purchased a home in 1982 for $125,000.  The parent passes away in 2018 and the property is then worth $800,000. Because California Proposition 13 limits the amount that property taxes can increase to just 2% per year; the parents annual property tax payment may be only $2,000 per year when they pass. If that home were to have its property taxes reassessed, the taxes would jump to around $8,000 per year.

California Proposition 58 allows the child to avoid property tax reassessment on the home inherited from the parent. That means a savings of around $6,000 per year in property taxes for the person inheriting the home. This makes the home more affordable for the child and may allow them to keep the home as opposed to having to sell it. If you have specific question on if you may be eligible for a California Prop 58 exclusion from property tax reassessment, please call us at 877-464-1066.

Can a child inheriting a home avoid property tax reassessment if the home is held in a trust?

Yes, California Proposition 58 does allow a parent to transfer a property held in a trust to a child and avoid property reassessment. That being said, doing so can be complicated when multiple trust beneficiaries are involved. An equal distribution is required in most situations. If there are not sufficient funds in the trust to equalize the distribution, the trust will need to borrow the funds needed. In that situation, the County Assessors office will require that an equal distribution was made with funds provided by a third party loan to the trust in order to grant a Proposition 58 exclusion for reassessment.

Typically at the time of passing, a Family Trust, Living Trust or Revocable Trust becomes an Irrevocable Trust. When the trust becomes irrevocable the ability to make changes to the trust is restricted. The trustee or trust administrator may have few options when it comes to receiving a third party loan on a home held in the irrevocable trust. Most California lenders are not willing to lend on a home or provide a mortgage to an Irrevocable Trust. Even fewer have the experience and proper loan documents to provide a Proposition 58 compliant loan.

Proposition 58 compliant loans to trusts.

Commercial Loan Corporation is one of California’s leading providers of loans to Irrevocable trusts.  Unlike other lenders, this is what we specialize in. While the majority of lenders are unable to lend to an Irrevocable Trust, this is our focus. Every month with assist clients qualify for their California Proposition 58 exclusion from reassessment with our Prop 58 compliant loans to trusts.  If you, a client or a family member are interested in obtaining a mortgage to an irrevocable trust, please call us at 877-464-1066 and we would be happy to assist you.